pyriemann.classification.MDM¶
- class pyriemann.classification.MDM(metric='riemann', n_jobs=1)¶
Classification by Minimum Distance to Mean.
Classification by nearest centroid. For each of the given classes, a centroid is estimated according to the chosen metric. Then, for each new point, the class is affected according to the nearest centroid.
- Parameters
- metricstring | dict, default=’riemann’
The type of metric used for centroid and distance estimation. see mean_covariance for the list of supported metric. the metric could be a dict with two keys, mean and distance in order to pass different metrics for the centroid estimation and the distance estimation. Typical usecase is to pass ‘logeuclid’ metric for the mean in order to boost the computional speed and ‘riemann’ for the distance in order to keep the good sensitivity for the classification.
- n_jobsint, default=1
The number of jobs to use for the computation. This works by computing each of the class centroid in parallel. If -1 all CPUs are used. If 1 is given, no parallel computing code is used at all, which is useful for debugging. For n_jobs below -1, (n_cpus + 1 + n_jobs) are used. Thus for n_jobs = -2, all CPUs but one are used.
See also
Kmeans
FgMDM
KNearestNeighbor
References
- 1
Multiclass Brain-Computer Interface Classification by Riemannian Geometry A. Barachant, S. Bonnet, M. Congedo, and C. Jutten. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 59, no. 4, p. 920-928, 2012.
- 2
Riemannian geometry applied to BCI classification A. Barachant, S. Bonnet, M. Congedo and C. Jutten. 9th International Conference Latent Variable Analysis and Signal Separation (LVA/ICA 2010), LNCS vol. 6365, 2010, p. 629-636.
- Attributes
- classes_ndarray, shape (n_classes,)
Labels for each class.
- covmeans_list of
n_classes
ndarrays of shape (n_channels, n_channels) Centroids for each class.
- __init__(metric='riemann', n_jobs=1)¶
Init.
- fit(X, y, sample_weight=None)¶
Fit (estimates) the centroids.
- Parameters
- Xndarray, shape (n_matrices, n_channels, n_channels)
Set of SPD matrices.
- yndarray, shape (n_matrices,)
Labels for each matrix.
- sample_weightNone | ndarray, shape (n_matrices,), default=None
Weights for each matrix. If None, it uses equal weights.
- Returns
- selfMDM instance
The MDM instance.
- fit_predict(X, y)¶
Fit and predict in one function.
- fit_transform(X, y=None, **fit_params)¶
Fit to data, then transform it.
Fits transformer to X and y with optional parameters fit_params and returns a transformed version of X.
- Parameters
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Input samples.
- yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs), default=None
Target values (None for unsupervised transformations).
- **fit_paramsdict
Additional fit parameters.
- Returns
- X_newndarray array of shape (n_samples, n_features_new)
Transformed array.
- get_params(deep=True)¶
Get parameters for this estimator.
- Parameters
- deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
- Returns
- paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.
- predict(X)¶
Get the predictions.
- Parameters
- Xndarray, shape (n_matrices, n_channels, n_channels)
Set of SPD matrices.
- Returns
- predndarray of int, shape (n_matrices,)
Predictions for each matrix according to the closest centroid.
- predict_proba(X)¶
Predict proba using softmax.
- Parameters
- Xndarray, shape (n_matrices, n_channels, n_channels)
Set of SPD matrices.
- Returns
- probndarray, shape (n_matrices, n_classes)
Probabilities for each class.
- score(X, y, sample_weight=None)¶
Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
In multi-label classification, this is the subset accuracy which is a harsh metric since you require for each sample that each label set be correctly predicted.
- Parameters
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples.
- yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True labels for X.
- sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights.
- Returns
- scorefloat
Mean accuracy of
self.predict(X)
wrt. y.
- set_params(**params)¶
Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.- Parameters
- **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
- Returns
- selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.
- transform(X)¶
Get the distance to each centroid.
- Parameters
- Xndarray, shape (n_matrices, n_channels, n_channels)
Set of SPD matrices.
- Returns
- distndarray, shape (n_matrices, n_classes)
The distance to each centroid according to the metric.